Author ORCID Identifier
Year of Publication
Master of Science (MS)
Agriculture, Food and Environment
Animal and Food Sciences
Dr. Surendranath P. Suman
The effects of dietary ingredients on the proteome profile of postmortem beef longissimus lumborum (LL) muscle were evaluated. In the first experiment, the influence of dietary ractopamine on the whole-muscle proteome of beef LL was examined. Five proteins were differentially abundant between ractopamine-fed (RAC) and non-ractopamine fed (CON) groups. The differentially abundant proteins were over-abundant in RAC and were related to muscle structure development (F-actin-capping protein subunit beta-2 and PDZ and LIM domain protein-3), chaperone (heat shock protein beta-1), oxygen transportation (myoglobin), and glycolysis (L-lactate dehydrogenase A chain). These findings indicated that ractopamine influences the abundance of proteins associated with muscle structure and fiber type shift in beef LL.
In the second experiment, the effect of Vitamin E supplementation on the sarcoplasmic proteome of beef LL was characterized. Five differentially abundant proteins were observed between vitamin E-supplemented (VITE) and non-vitamin E-supplemented (CONT) groups. All the differentially proteins were over-abundant in CONT and were associated with antioxidant activity (thioredoxin-dependent peroxide reductase, peroxiredoxin-6, and serum albumin) and glycolysis (beta-enolase and triosephosphate isomerase). These results indicated that the strong antioxidant activity of vitamin E leads to low expression of antioxidant proteins and antioxidant-related glycolytic enzymes in beef LL muscle.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Kim, Hyun Mok, "INFLUENCE OF DIETARY RACTOPAMINE AND SUPRANUTRITIONAL SUPPLEMENTATION OF VITAMIN E ON PROTEOME PROFILE OF POSTMORTEM BEEF LONGISSIMUS LUMBORUM MUSCLE" (2018). Theses and Dissertations--Animal and Food Sciences. 82.