Since early history, water has furnished man with energy. Man has always moved and settled along rivers and streams, because water makes travel easier. He soon learned to capture the movement of water in rivers, creeks and streams by inserting a wheel.
Water presents a great source of power. It has been estimated that if every available location for water power were developed, regardless of economic and environmental considerations, there would be between three and four times the power derived from all other sources. But this is impractical, because in many instances it would take more energy in materials and construction than the water would return.
Turner, George M., "Energy in Agriculture: Energy Resource Series for Youth and Adult Energy Programs: 10. Water" (1981). Agricultural Engineering Energy Series. 18.