Musamman Burj or the Octagonal Tower was built between the years 1631 and 1640 and is believed to have been built by Shah Jehan (builder of the Taj Mahal) as the palace of his beloved queen Mumtaz Mahal. It is situated at the location where the main wall of Fort Agra takes a turn towards the east and offers exotic views of the famous Taj. Architectural features include a dome with a gilded copper top and a lower story paved with marble to resemble the Pachchisi (ancient Sankrit text) known as the Pachchisi Court. The tower overlooks the Yamuna River and is considered to have one of the most poignant views of the Taj Mahal.
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