Year of Publication

2012

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Document Type

Master's Thesis

College

Agriculture

Department

Crop Science

First Advisor

Dr. David A. Van Sanford

Abstract

The use of exotic resistance quantitative trait loci (QTL) provides one strategy for breeding wheat cultivars resistant to Fusarium Head Blight (FHB), a devastating disease of wheat. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of two QTL, Fhb1 and QFhs.nau-2DL, in diverse genetic backgrounds and to evaluate their effects on agronomic and quality traits. Five populations from crosses between FHB susceptible parents (26R58, KY97C-0574-01, 25R54, KY97C, KY97C-0554-02, 25R78 and KY93C-1238-17-1) and FHB-resistant VA01W-476, were evaluated in the FHB nursery at Lexington, KY in 2010 and 2011. The populations were also grown in yield trials at Lexington (2010 and 2011) and Princeton (2011), KY, to measure agronomic and quality traits. Fhb1 reduced Fusarium damaged kernels (FDK) by 32% and the toxin, deoxynivalenol (DON) by 20%. QFhs.nau-2DL significantly reduced mean FDK by 29% in two of five populations and DON by 24% in four of five populations. While the effects of these QTL on agronomic and quality traits were significant, the impact was small. One cycle of either direct or indirect simulated phenotypic selection was effective at reducing DON levels and the frequency of Fhb1-homozygous resistant lines among the selects was higher than the frequency of QFhs.nau-2DL-homozygous resistant lines.

Share

COinS