BACKGROUND: In September 2010, Vancouver, Canada enacted a smoke-free bylaw in parks and on beaches.
OBJECTIVE: To examine demographic and attitudinal factors associated with the public opinion on Vancouver's outdoor smoke-free bylaw.
METHODS: From 496 randomly selected Vancouver residents, information on demographics, smoking status, and opinions and support for or opposition to the smoke-free bylaw were obtained by telephone surveys.
RESULTS: Approximately 84.2% of the sample endorsed the legislation; a greater proportion of non-smokers supported the bylaw than smokers (88.6% vs. 52.0%). In multivariate analysis, demographic variables significantly associated with supporting the smoke-free bylaw were being female, having completed community college/university or Post Graduate work (as compared to high school education or less), and being a nonsmoker. Furthermore, adjusting for demographic variables, all opinions regarding the smoke-free bylaw were significantly associated with its support, with the exception of the belief that the bylaw would increase stigma towards smokers.
CONCLUSION: These findings suggest strong public support in Vancouver for the smoke-free bylaw in parks and on beaches. Jurisdictions considering such legislation should address attitudes which can promote or hinder its adoption. Examination of such policy support on diverse groups within the population may enhance the development of equitable public health policy.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
This study was funded by a Canadian Institute of Health Research (CIHR) grant # GIR-112694.
Okoli, Chizimuzo T.C.; Pederson, Ann; and Rice, Wendy, "Support for a Smoke-Free Bylaw in Parks and on Beaches" (2013). Nursing Faculty Publications. 17.