Year of Publication

2010

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Document Type

Thesis

College

Agriculture

Department

Crop Science

First Advisor

Dr. J.D. Green

Abstract

Spiny amaranth is a problematic weed of heavily grazed pastures in Kentucky and surrounding states. The first objective was to evaluate spiny amaranth control when herbicides are applied before and after emergence. Spiny amaranth seed collected in 2008 were seeded in rows in the fall (November) and the following spring (March) in fields located near Lexington and Princeton, KY. Treatments consisted of five application dates and five herbicides plus an untreated control arranged in a split-split plot design. The following parameters were measured: fresh weight, plant height and percent visual control. At both locations pendimethalin applied in November, March and April before spiny amaranth emergence gave the greatest control and significantly reduced fresh weight biomass compared to other treatments. June applications of 2,4-D reduced plant height and provided 80 control. Fresh weight biomass and height were also reduced with dicamba, aminopyralid and aminocyclopyrachlor applied in June compared to pendimethalin and the untreated control.

A soybean bioassay was conducted to measure soil dissipation of aminopyralid, a common pasture herbicide active ingredient. Soil samples were collected from two sites in Lexington and Princeton. During a season of above average rainfall aminopyralid had dissipated from the soil within 16 weeks at Lexington and by 4 weeks at Princeton.

Included in

Agriculture Commons

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