Extensive acreages of reclaimed surface-mined land in Central Appalachia are currently producing forages that can be used in beef cattle production. During reclamation, after these areas were graded, they were seeded with grass and grass-legume mixtures to form a ground cover and to reduce soil loss. Usually in the past these areas have not been managed to provide forages for beef cattle, but they can economically support beef cattle production when managed correctly.
Thom, William O.; Rice, H. B.; Adams, David; May, Charles; and Absher, Curtis, "Beef Cattle Production on Surface-Mined Land in Central Appalachia" (1990). Agriculture and Natural Resources Publications. Paper 38.