Streambank erosion refers to the removal of soil and other material, such as rock and vegetation, from the streambank (Figure 1). Streambank erosion is a naturally occurring process, but the rate at which it occurs is often increased by anthropogenic or human activities such as urbanization and agriculture. Changes in land use can cause streambanks to erode at rates much faster than those seen in natural, undisturbed systems.
Burnette, Matthew C. and Agouridis, Carmen T., "Streambank Erosion" (2014). Agriculture and Natural Resources Publications. Paper 129.